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Money in Canada is made by two different governmental agencies. Notes (paper currency) are produced by the Bank of Canada. Coins are produced by the Royal Canadian Mint. Compared to the United States, Canada's money is very colourful and we also have fewer bills.


Vertical Series, Phased in 2018-

New Vertical $10 bill On March 8, 2018, the new $10 bank note featuring Viola Desmond was unveiled during a ceremony at the Halifax Public Library. Subsequent bills are to be released over the next few years.

Canada 150 $10, Issued in 2017

Canada 150 $10 bill

In 2017, to honour Canada's 150th year after Confederation, the Bank of Canada issued a commemorative $10 bill. This unique note celebrates our history, land and culture. This is only the fourth commemorative bank note issued by the Bank in its 80-year history.

Frontier Series, Phased in 2011 - 2013

Frontier $100 bill Frontier $50 bill Frontier $20 bill Frontier $10 bill Frontier $5 bill
In June 2011, the Canadian government unveiled notes made of polymer instead of paper. As with previous changes to Canadian currency, the old notes will remain legal tender even after the new notes are introduced. Check out the link to the Bank of Canada at the bottom of the page to view all of the editions of Canadian money over the years.

Each of the new polymer notes has different "themes" for each bill on the back:
  • $100 Canadian innovations in the field of medicine - from pioneering the discovery of insulin to treat diabetes, to the invention of the pacemaker and to the role Canadian researchers have played in mapping the human genetic code. (Portrait: Sir Robert Laird Borden)
  • $50 Canadian Coast Guard Ship Amundsen in the North - reflecting Canada’s leading role in Arctic research. It also evokes the part that Canada’s northern frontier—with its vastness and splendour—has played in shaping our cultural identity.(Portrait: William Lyon Mackenzie King)
  • $20 The Canadian National Vimy Memorial — evokes the contributions and sacrifices of Canadians in conflicts throughout our history. (Portrait: HM Queen Elizabeth II)
  • $10 The Canadian train — represents Canada’s great technical feat of linking its eastern and western frontiers by what was, at the time, the longest railway ever built. (Portrait: Sir John A. Macdonald)
  • $5 Canadarm2 and Dextre — symbolize Canada’s continuing contribution to the international space program through robotics innovation. (Portrait: Sir Wilfrid Laurier)

Canadian Journey Series, Phased in 2001 - 2004

Canadian Journey $5 bill Canadian Journey $10 bill Canadian Journey $20 bill Canadian Journey $50 bill Canadian Journey $100 bill
Each of the "Canadian Journey" has different "themes" for each bill on the back:
  • $5 Children at Play - children playing hockey outdoors (Sir Wilfrid Laurier on the front)
  • $10 Remembrance and Peacekeeping - veterans, children and peacekeepers paying tribute (Sir John A. Macdonald on the front)
  • $20 Arts and Culture - the artwork of renowned Canadian artist Bill Reid (Queen Elizabeth II on the front)
  • $50 Nation Building - the accomplishments of the Famous Five and Thérèse Casgrain (William Lyon Mackenzie King on the front)
  • $100 Exploring and Innovating - historic and satellite maps of Canada (Sir Robert Borden on the front)

Birds of Canada Series Notes, 1988 - 2004

$5 bill $10 bill $20 bill $50 bill $100 bill $1000 bill*

*N.B. In late 2000, the government decided to stop production of the $1000 bill. It has remained legal currency, but in 2018 the government looked to end legal tender currency for any bill it no longer produces. As such, the $100 bill will be left as Canada's largest denomination.


These are the standard coins currently in circulation. The Royal Canadian Mint also makes coins of other denominations as well as standard and collectors coins of many other countries around the world. The coins below are larger than their actual size.

Canadian Coins in Circulation

External Links
Bank of Canada - Bank Notes
Royal Canadian Mint
Canadian Currency Buyers

Copyright Craig I.W. Marlatt