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Leader of the Official Opposition

The Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition is the leader of the party with the second greatest number of seats in the House of Commons. Their task is to keep the government of the day responsible by asking questions of cabinet members of their latest program initiatives. The Leader of the Official Opposition is 8th on the Canadian Order of Precedence.



The party with the greatest number of elected representatives outside the governing party becomes Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition. This party takes the lead in holding the Government accountable for its policies and actions. The leader of this party becomes the Leader of the Official Opposition, sitting directly across from the Prime Minister in the House of Commons. The duty of the Official Opposition and other opposition parties is to "oppose," criticizing government policies and suggesting improvements, and presenting an alternative to the current Government's policy agenda.

Opposition members have various opportunities to influence the formulation of laws and policies including the daily Question Period in the House of Commons. The opposition is allocated 20 "Opposition Days" or "Supply Days" each calendar year, during which it can propose a motion for debate in the House of Commons and criticize the Government on issues of broad national policy. Members of opposition parties also serve on parliamentary committees in both the Senate and the House of Commons.

Twice at the provincial level, there has been no official opposition. The elections in Prince Edward Island in 1935 and New Brunswick in 1987 brought only one party to their respective legislatures. This situation has never occurred in the House of Commons.

The Honourable Andrew Scheer

The Honourable Andrew Scheer
The Honourable Andrew Scheer
Andrew scheer e was first elected Member of Parliament for Regina-Qu’Appelle in 2004 by defeating the longest-serving member of the House of Commons.Re-elected four more times, he held the position of Speaker of the House of Commons from 2011 to 2015, becoming the youngest Speaker in Canadian history!

After the 2015 election, Andrew served as the Official Opposition House Leader before successfully seeking the Conservative leadership.

Andrew studied History and Politics at the University of Ottawa and the University of Regina. He passed the Canadian Accredited Insurance Broker program and began his working career in the insurance industry in Regina.

As a father of five, Andrew has been known all his life for being true to his conservative principles in politics and out.

SOURCES: Library of Parliament, Conservative Party of Canada.

See also
House of Commons
Speaker of the House of Commons
Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
Former Leaders of the Official Opposition

Copyright Craig I.W. Marlatt