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Order of Precedence


The order of precedence in Canada is a long established succession of power amongst virtually all of the government officials in Canada. Note that this is not an order of succession as does exist in the United States. If one or more of these officials becomes incapacitated or dies while in office, very little occurs in terms of the normal workings of the government.

The only government post that must be filled is the Governor General, who signs bills into law, appoints various officials, and dissolves Parliament. However, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is automatically the Deputy Governor General who can fill in for the Governor General whenver necessary, and the Puisne Justices of the Supreme Court can fill in for the Chief Justice in a similar manner.

The order of titles are listed below along with as many of the names as we could track down that correspond with the titles. The list was last updated on November 7, 2014. Please report any errors or omissions to this list.

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1. The Governor General of Canada

    His Excellency The Right Honourable David Johnston

2. The Prime Minister of Canada

    The Right Honourable Stephen Harper

3. The Chief Justice of Canada

    The Right Honourable Madam Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin
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      Former Governors General of Canada

        The Right Honourable Ed Schreyer
        The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson
        The Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean

      Surviving Spouses of Deceased Governors General of Canada

        Mrs. Gerda Hnatyshyn
        Mrs. Diana Fowler LeBlanc

      Former Prime Ministers of Canada

        The Right Honourable Joe Clark
        The Right Honourable John Turner
        The Right Honourable Brian Mulroney
        The Right Honourable Kim Campbell
        The Right Honourable Jean Chrétien
        The Right Honourable Paul Martin

      Former Chief Justices of Canada

        none currently living

4. The Speaker of the Senate

    The Honourable Noël Kinsella

5. The Speaker of the House of Commons

    The Honourable Andrew Scheer

6. Ambassadors, High Commissioners, Ministers Plenipotentiary

7. Members of the Canadian Ministry

8. The Leader of the Opposition

    The Honourable Thomas Mulcair

9. The Lieutenant Governors of the Provinces of Canada

    The Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
      Her Honour The Honourable Elizabeth Dowdeswell
    The Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
      His Honour The Honourable Pierre Duchesne
    The Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
      His Honour Brigadier-General The Honourable John Grant
    The Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
      Her Honour The Honourable Jocelyne Roy-Vienneau
    The Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba
      His Honour The Honourable Philip Lee
    The Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia
      Her Honour The Honourable Judith Guichon
    The Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island
      His Honour The Honourable Frank Lewis
    The Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
      Her Honour The Honourable Vaughn Schofield
    The Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
      His Honour Colonel The Honourable Donald Ethell
    The Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador
      His Honour The Honourable Frank Fagan

10. Members of the Privy Council

11. Premiers of the Provinces of Canada

    The Premier of Ontario
      The Honourable Kathleen Wynne
    The Premier of Quebec
      The Honourable Philippe Couillard
    The Premier of Nova Scotia
      The Honourable Stephen McNeil
    The Premier of New Brunswick
      The Honourable David Alward
    The Premier of Manitoba
      The Honourable Greg Selinger
    The Premier of British Columbia
      The Honourable Christy Clark
    The Premier of Prince Edward Island
      The Honourable Robert Ghiz
    The Premier of Saskatchewan
      The Honourable Brad Wall
    The Premier of Alberta
      The Honourable Dave Hancock
    The Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador
      The Honourable Paul Davis

12. The Commissioners of the Territories

    The Commissioner of the Northwest Territories
      The Honourable George Tuccaro
    The Commissioner of Yukon Territory
      The Honourable Doug Phillips
    The Commissioner of Nunavut
      The Honourable Edna Elias

13. The Premiers of the Territories

    The Premier of the Northwest Territories
      The Honourable Bob McLeod
    The Premier of Yukon Territory
      The Honourable Darrell Pasloski
    The Premier of Nunavut
      The Honourable Peter Patuna

14. Representatives of faith communities

    The religious dignitaries will be senior Canadian representatives of faith communities having a significant presence in a relevant jurisdiction. The relative precedence of the representatives of faith communities is to be governed by the date of their assumption in their present office, their representatives being given the same relative precedence.

15. Puisne Judges of the Supreme Court of Canada

    The Honourable Mr. Justice Louis Le Bel
    The Honourable Madam Justice Rosalie Abella
    The Honourable Mr. Justice Marshall Rothstein
    The Honourable Mr. Justice Thomas Cromwell
    The Honourable Mr. Justice Michael Moldaver
    The Honourable Madam Justice Andromache Karakatsanis
    The Honourable Mr. Justice Richard Wagner
    The Honourable Mr. Justice Marc Nadon

16. The Chief Justices of the Federal Court of Appeal and the Federal Court

    Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Appeal of Canada
      The Honourable Pierre Blais
    Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada
      The Honourable Paul Crampton

17. Chief Justices of the Provincial Courts


See also
Governor General
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
Prime Minister
Speaker of the Senate
Speaker of the House of Commons
Cabinet
Leader of the Official Opposition
Lieutenant Governors
The Queen's Privy Council for Canada
Premiers
Chief Justice of the Federal Court
Clerk of the Privy Council
Chief of the Defence Staff
Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Official Residences


Copyright Craig I.W. Marlatt