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The Crown

Former Sovereigns of Canada

Royal Insignia

Since the 16th century some thirty-two French and British kings and queens have reigned over Canada. In 1867, the Fathers of Confederation vested executive authority and many statutory responsibilities in Queen Victoria, her heirs and successors. In 1947, under the Letters Patent issued by George VI, all of the sovereign's powers and authorities in Canada were delegated to the governor general. Contrary to popular belief, the sovereign's presence in Canada does not supersede this delegation except when the sovereign is actually asked to perform specific royal functions, for example, the opening of Parliament.

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Title Accession Death/Abdication
King Henry VII His Majesty King Henry VII
1485
(1497 onwards for Canada)
1509

King Henry VIII His Majesty King Henry VIII
1509 1547
King Edward VI His Majesty King Edward VI
1547 July 1553
Queen Jane Her Majesty Queen Jane
July 10, 1553 July 19, 1553
Queen Mary I Her Majesty Queen Mary I
July 1553 1558
Queen Elizabeth I Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth I
1558 1603
King James I His Majesty King James I
1603 1625
King Charles I His Majesty King Charles I
1625 1649
Oliver Cromwell Interregnum
Oliver Cromwell


December 26, 1653 September 13, 1658
(death)
Richard Cromwell Interregnum
Richard Cromwell

September 13, 1658 June 3, 1659
(abdication)
King Charles II His Majesty King Charles II
1660 1685
(until 1663 for Canada)
King Louis XIV His Majesty King Louis XIV
May 14, 1643
(1663 onwards for Canada)
September 1, 1715

King Louis XV His Majesty King Louis XV
September 1, 1715
May 10, 1774
(until 1759 for Canada)
King George II His Majesty King George II
1727
(1759 onwards for Canada)
1760
King George III His Majesty King George III
1760
1820
King George IV His Majesty King George IV
1820 1830
King William IV His Majesty King William IV
1830 1837
Queen Victoria Her Majesty Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of the Faith - title of Empress of India assumed on January 1, 1877
June 20, 1837 January 22, 1901
(death)
King Edward VII His Majesty King Edward VII
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

Consort: Her Majesty Queen Alexandra
January 22, 1901 May 6, 1910
(death)
King George V His Majesty King George V
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

Consort: Her Majesty Queen Mary
May 6, 1910 January 20, 1936
(death)
King Edward VIII His Majesty King Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
January 20, 1936 December 10, 1936
(abdication)
King George VI His Majesty King George VI
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India - this last title was relinquished on June 22, 1948

Consort: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth
December 10, 1936 February 6, 1952
(death)
Queen Elizabeth II Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, and her other realms and territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith

Consort: His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
February 6, 1952

Order of Succession to the Throne*

  1. The Prince of Wales (Charles)
  2. The Duke of Cambridge (William)
  3. Prince George of Cambridge
  4. Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
  5. Prince Henry of Wales
  6. The Duke of York (Andrew)
  7. Princess Beatrice of York
  8. Princess Eugenie of York
  9. The Earl of Wessex (Edward)
  10. Viscout Severn (James Mountbatten-Windsor)
  11. The Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor
  12. The Princess Royal (Anne)
  13. Mr. Peter Phillips
  14. Miss Savannah Phillips
  15. Miss Isla Phillips
  16. Mrs. Zara Tindall
  17. Miss Mia Tindall
* The list continues onward through the families of Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon; Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester; and Prince George, Duke of Kent...
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See also
Sovereign
Governors General of Canada
Lieutenant Governors of Canada

External Links
British Monarchy Official Website
Prince of Wales Official Website


Copyright Craig I.W. Marlatt