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Former Governors General of Canada


Below are lists of the former Governors General of New France and British North America before Canada became an independant nation in 1867, and a list of the former Governors General of Canada since 1867. Two members of the Royal Family have held this post: the Duke of Connaught and the Earl of Athlone. The first Canadian born Governor General was Vincent Massey.

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Former Governors General of New France (1608 - 1763)

Dates of OfficeGovernor General(Born - Died)
1627 - 1635Samuel de Champlain(b. 1567 - d. 1635)
1635 - 1648Charles de Montmagny(b. 1583 - d. 1651)
1648 - 1651Louis d'Ailleboust de Coulonge(b. 1612 - d. 1660)
1651 - 1657Jean de Lauzon(b. 1582 - d. 1666)
1658 - 1661Le Vicomte d'Argenson(b. 1625 - d. 1709)
1661 - 1663Le Baron d'Avaugour(b. 161? - d. 1664)
1663 - 1665Augustin de Mésy
1665Alexandre De Prouville, Marquis de Tracy(b. 1603 - d. 1670)
1665 - 1672Daniel de Courcelle(b. - d. 1698)
1672 - 1682Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac et de Palluau(b. 1622 - d. 1698)
1682 - 1685Joseph-Antoine de LaBarre
1685 - 1689Le Marquis de Denonville(b. 1638 - d. 1710)
1689 - 1698Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac et de Palluau(b. 1622 - d. 1698)
1698 - 1703Louis-Hector de Callière(b. 1648 - d. 1703)
1703 - 1725Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil(b. 1643 - d. 1725)
1725 - 1726Charles Le Moyne, Baron de Longueuil(b. 1656 - d. 1725)
1726 - 1747Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois(b. 1670 - d. 1749
1747 - 1749Le Comte de la Galissonnière
1749 - 1752Le Marquis de la Jonquière(b. 1658 - d. 1752)
1752 - 1755Le Marquis de Duquesne(b. 1700 - d. 1778)
1755 - 1763Pierre Francois de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal(b. 1698 – d. 1778)

Former Governors General of British North America (1763 - 1867)

Dates of OfficeGovernor General(Born - Died)
1763 - 1766General James Murray(b. 1712 - d. 1794)
1766 - 1778Sir Guy Carleton(b. 1724 - d. 1808)
1778General Sir Frederick Haldimand(b. 1718 - d. 1791)
1778 - 1786Sir Guy Carleton, Lord Dorchester(b. 1724 - d. 1808)
1786 - 1808General Robert Prescott(b. 1725 - d. 1816)
1808 - 1811Lieutenant General Sir James Craig(b. 1749 - d. 1812)
1811 - 1815Lieutenant General Sir George Prevost(b. 1767 - d. 1816)
1815 - 1816Lieutenant General Gordon Drummond(b. 1771 - d. 1854)
1816 - 1818Sir John Coape Sherbrooke(b. 1764 - d. 1830)
1818 - 1820Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond(b. 1764 - d. 1819)
1820 - 1828George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie(b. 1770 - d. 1838)
1828 - 1830Major General Sir James Kempt(b. 1764 - d. 1854)
1830 - 1835Matthew Whitworth-Aylmer, 5th Baron Aylmer(b. 1775 - d. 1850)
1835 - 1838Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford(b. 1776 - d. 1849
1838 - 1839John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham(b. 1792 - d. 1840)
1839 - 12 Jan 1842Charles Edward Poulett Thomson, Baron Sydenham(b. 1799 - d. 1841)
12 Jan 1842 - 19 May 1843Sir Charles Bagot(b. 1781 - d. 1843)
30 May 1843 - 26 Nov 1845Sir Charles Theophilus Metcalfe(b. 1785 - d. 1846)
26 Nov 1845 - 30 Jan 1847Charles Murray Cathcart, Earl of Cathcart(b. 1783 - d. 1859)
30 Jan 1847 - 19 Dec 1854James Bruce, Earl of Elgin and Kincardine(b. 1811 - d. 1863)
19 Dec 1854 - 25 Oct 1861Sir Edmund Walker Head(b. 1805 - d. 1868)
25 Oct 1861 - 30 Jun 1867Charles Stanley, Viscount Monck of Ballytrammon(b. 1819 - d. 1894)

Former Governors General of Canada (1867 - Present)

Dates of OfficeGovernor General(Born - Died)
1 Jul 1867 - 2 Feb 1869The Viscount Monck(b. 1819 - d. 1894)
2 Feb 1869 - 25 Jun 1872Lord Lisgar (b. 1807 - d. 1876)
25 Jun 1872 - 25 Nov 1878The Earl of Dufferin(b. 1826 - d. 1902)
5 Nov 1878 - 23 Oct 1883The Duke of Argyll(b. 1845 - d. 1914)
23 Oct 1883 - 11 Jun 1888The Marquess of Lansdowne(b. 1845 - d. 1927)
11 Jun 1888 - 18 Sep 1893Lord Stanley(b. 1841 - d. 1908)
18 Sep 1893 - 12 Nov 1898The Earl of Aberdeen(b. 1847 - d. 1934)
12 Nov 1898 - 10 Dec 1904The Earl of Minto(b. 1845 - d. 1914)
10 Dec 1904 - 13 Oct 1911Earl Grey(b. 1851 - d. 1917)
13 Oct 1911 - 11 Nov 1916Field Marshal His Royal Highness The Duke of Connaught(b. 1850 - d. 1942)
11 Nov 1916 - 11 Aug 1921The Duke of Devonshire(b. 1868 - d. 1938)
11 Aug 1921 - 2 Oct 1926General Lord Byng(b. 1862 - d. 1935)
2 Oct 1926 - 4 Apr 1931The Viscount Willingdon(b. 1866 - d. 1941)
4 Apr 1931 - 4 Nov 1935The Earl of Bessborough(b. 1880 - d. 1956)
4 Nov 1935 - 11 Feb 1940Lord Tweedsmuir(b. 1875 - d. 1940)
21 Jun 1940 - 12 Apr 1946Major General The Earl of Athlone(b. 1874 - d. 1957)
12 Apr 1946 - 28 Feb 1952Field Marshal The Viscount Alexander(b. 1891 - d. 1969)
28 Feb 1952 - 15 Sep 1959The Right Honourable Vincent Massey(b. 1887 - d. 1967)
15 Sep 1959 - 5 Mar 1967Major General The Right Honourable Georges Vanier(b. 1888 - d. 1967)
17 Apr 1967 - 14 Jan 1974The Right Honourable Roland Michener(b. 1900 - d. 1991)
14 Jan 1974 - 22 Jan 1979The Right Honourable Jules Léger(b. 1913 - d. 1980)
22 Jan 1979 - 14 May 1984The Right Honourable Edward Schreyer(b. 1935)
14 May 1984 - 29 Jan 1990The Right Honourable Jeanne Sauvé(b. 1922 - d. 1993)
29 Jan 1990 - 8 Feb 1995The Right Honourable Ray Hnatyshyn (b. 1934 - d. 2002)
8 Feb 1995 - 7 Oct 1999The Right Honourable Roméo LeBlanc(b. 1927 - d. 2009)
7 Oct 1999 - 27 Sep 2005The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson(b. 1939)
27 Sep 2005 - 1 Oct 2010The Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean(b. 1957)
1 Oct 2010 - The Right Honourable David Johnston(b. 1941)

SOURCE: Governor General of Canada.

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See also
Governor General of Canada
Letters Patent Constituting the Office of Governor General of Canada

External Links
Governor General of Canada's Official Website


Copyright Craig I.W. Marlatt