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Manitoba is the "keystone" province located in the heart of Canada. Created by the Manitoba Act of 1870, the province was at first a tiny rectangle comprising little more than the Red River Colony radiating from the juncture of the Red and Assiniboine rivers. After lengthy and often difficult provincial-federal negotiations, the boundaries were extended in 1881 and 1884.



Other major cities
Portage la Prairie, The Pas, Flin Flon, Brandon, Churchill

Date Entered the Federation
July 15, 1870

Provincial Flower
Prairie Crocus

Provincial Bird
Great Gray Owl

"Glorious and free"

1,431,792 (2023)

647,797 sq km

Lieutenant Governor
Her Honour The Honourable Anita Neville

The Honourable Heather Stefanson (Progressive Conservative Party)

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Manitoba, easternmost of the Prairie provinces of Canada, in the central part of the country, bounded on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the northeast by Hudson Bay, on the east by Ontario, on the south by the states of Minnesota and North Dakota, and on the west by Saskatchewan.

Manitoba entered the Canadian Confederation on July 15, 1870, as the fifth province. Manitoba has traditionally been known for its primary economic activities: agriculture, mining, forestry, and fishing. Although Winnipeg is a leading manufacturing center of interior Canada, in the early 1990s the processing of primary products retained a leading role in the provincial economy.

The name Manitoba is taken from Lake Manitoba and is a Native American phrase meaning "great spirit's strait." Winnipeg is the source of Winnie the Pooh's name and is also home of the windiest intersection in Canada, Portage and Main.

Riding Mountain National Park
Riding Mountain National Park

This natural wonder features almost 3000 square kilometres of boreal forest, aspen parkland, deciduous forest and open grasslands and meadows. The area is a haven for fishing, hiking, wildlife viewing - including a herd of bison living in the park! Explore the park via a network of day-use and overnight trails, designed for hiking, cycling or horseback riding. Interpretive programs are offered throughout the summer. There are several campgrounds and picnic areas at many of the other lakes in the park, including Lakes Audy, Grayling, Katherine, Moon, Deep, and Whirlpool.

Famous sons and daughters of Manitoba include:
  • Billy Bishop, WWI flying ace
  • Margaret Laurence, author
  • Nellie McClung, activist
  • Louis Riel, Metis leader

See also
Former Lieutenant Governors of Manitoba
Former Premiers of Manitoba
Provinces and Territories of Canada

External Links
Government of Manitoba
Travel Manitoba
CALL: 1-800-665-0040

Copyright Craig I.W. Marlatt