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Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador, the youngest of the Canadian provinces, joined Confederation at midnight on March 31, 1949. Some portion of the coast of this easternmost part of Canada was assuredly one of the first parts of the continent seen by Europeans. Tenth-century Viking explorers from Iceland and Greenland saw Labrador and settled briefly in the northern part of the Island of Newfoundland. In the late 15th century the Grand Banks southeast of Newfoundland were known to Basque, French and Portuguese fishermen.


St. John's

Other major cities
Corner Brook, Mount Pearl

Date Entered the Federation
March 31, 1949

Provincial Flower
Pitcher Plant

Provincial Bird
Atlantic Puffin

Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei
"Seek Ye First the Kingdom of God"

531,948 (2023)

405,212 sq km

Lieutenant Governor
Her Honour The Honourable Joan Marie Aylward

The Honourable Andrew Furey (Liberal Party)

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Newfoundland, often called "the Rock," is a large island off the east coast of Canada. The province has had astronomically high unemployment ever since the cod fisheries were shut down in 1992. Overfishing and climatic change have been blamed for the absence of cod in a part of the ocean that used to be teeming with them. Former Premier Brian Tobin, then the federal Minister of Fisheries, was the most prominent Canadian involved in Canada's seizure of a Spanish fishing trawler in 1995.

Newfoundland and Labrador is the only province to have its own breed of dog. Around the turn of the century, these dogs, harnessed to sleds, transported mail to remote areas of the province. These large dogs are noted for intelligence, docility, loyalty, and webbed feet that enable them to swim with ease. Another oddity of the province is its language - Newfoundland has its own dictionary: The Dictionary of Newfoundland English.

Leif Ericson's Sighting of Newfoundland
Leif Ericson's Sighting of Newfoundland

Evidence that Norse explorers settled at Newfoundland was discovered in 1963 at L'Anse-aux-Meadows. This painting dramatizes Leif Ericson's sighting of Newfoundland in the year 1000.

Traditional Flags
There has always been traditional flags for each of Newfoundland (the island) and Labrador (the mainland) to represent their distinct differences.
Flag of NewfoundlandFlag of Labrador

See also
Former Lieutenant Governors of Newfoundland and Labrador
Former Premiers of Newfoundland and Labrador
Provinces and Territories of Canada

External Links
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism
CALL: 1-800-563-NFLD

Copyright Craig I.W. Marlatt