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Ontario


The name Ontario, from an Iroquoian word sometimes translated as meaning "beautiful lake" or "beautiful water", is apt, since lakes and rivers occupy one-sixth of the province's total area of just over one million square kilometres. The word was first applied in 1641 to the easternmost of the Great Lakes, and "Old Ontario" was used to refer to the southern portion of land nearest the lake and was applied to the whole province in 1867.

MAIN MENU: PROVINCES and TERRITORIES: ONTARIO


Capital
Toronto

Other major cities
Ottawa, Hamilton, London, Windsor, Kitchener-Waterloo

Date Entered the Federation
July 1, 1867

Provincial Flower
White Trilium

Provincial Bird
Common Loon

Provincial Tree
Eastern White Pine

Provincial Gem
Amethyst

Motto
Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanent
"Loyal she began, loyal she remains"

Population
13 358 060 (2011)

Area
1 076 395 sq km

Lieutenant Governor
His Honour The Honourable David Onley

Premier
The Honourable Kathleen Wynne (Liberal Party)

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Canada's most populous province; as with the rest of Canada, most of the population lives within 200 kilometres of the US border. (Northern Ontario is so sparsely populated that the provincial map notes which towns up there have phones.) Ontario is regarded by many outside it as hopelessly arrogant and self-centered, but it's also undoubtedly the heart of the Canadian economy.

Most Ontario cities and towns have carefully preserved historic buildings. You can see accurately rebuilt forts and pioneer villages around the province, including Upper Canada Village in Morrisburg and Fort William in Thunder Bay. Some towns, like Niagara on the Lake and Elora, make a special effort to preserve the flavour of the past. In Ottawa and Toronto, the distinctive parliament buildings are permanent reminders of their history.

Some Ontario superlatives include:
  • Ontario is home of many of Canada's most prominent universities (Toronto, Queen's, McMaster, Waterloo). Click here for a full list of Ontario universities.
  • Manitoulin Island is the largest freshwater island in the world.
  • Ontario Hydro is the largest electrical utility in the world.
  • Alexander Graham Bell placed the world's first long distance telephone call from Brantford to Paris, Ontario.

Ontario's Professional Sports Teams

Toronto Maple Leafs
Toronto Blue Jays
Toronto Argonauts
Toronto Rock
Toronto Maple Leafs Toronto Blue Jays Toronto Argonauts Toronto Rock

Toronto Raptors
Ottawa Senators
Hamilton Tiger Cats
Toronto FC
Toronto Raptors Ottawa Senators Hamilton Tiger Cats Toronto FC


Famous sons and daughters of Ontario include:
  • Paul Anka, songwriter - including Frank Sinatra's signature My Way
  • Sir Frederick Banting, M.D., inventor
  • Dr. Norman Bethune, inventor
  • John Candy, actor
  • Timothy Eaton, founder of Eaton's department stores
  • Glenn Gould, pianist
  • Wayne Gretzky, hockey player
  • Bobby Hull, hockey player
  • Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, M.D., author of In Flanders Fields
  • The Right Honourable Lester Pearson, 14th Prime Minister of Canada
  • Christopher Plummer, actor -including The Sound of Music
  • Neil Young, singer


See also
Former Lieutenant Governors of Ontario
Former Premiers of Ontario
Provinces and Territories of Canada

External Links
Government of Ontario
Ministry of Tourism, Culture, and Sport
www.ontariotravel.net
CALL: 1-800-ONTARIO


Copyright Craig I.W. Marlatt