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Yukon Territory


Yukon Territory takes its name from the Loucheux Native name Yu-kun-ah for the "great river" which drains most of its area. Lying in the northwest corner of Canada's continental mainland, isolated by rugged mountains, it shares a common border and many characteristics with its American neighbour, Alaska. Historically, it is indelibly associated with the great Klondike gold rush.

MAIN MENU: PROVINCES and TERRITORIES: YUKON TERRITORY


Capital
Whitehorse

Other major cities
Dawson City

Date Entered the Federation
June 13, 1898

Territorial Flower
Fireweed

Territorial Bird
Common Raven

Population
35 421 (2011)

Area
482 443 sq km

Commissioner
The Honourable Doug Phillips

Premier
The Honourable Darrell Pasloski (Yukon Party)
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The modern history of Yukon Territory dates from 1825, when Sir John Franklin visited the north coast. The Hudson's Bay Company established trading posts along the Yukon River in the 1840s, and discoveries of gold in creeks and rivers began to be reported in the 1860s. The region remained virtually uninhabited, however, until 1896, the year of the Klondike gold strike. Two years later, at the peak of the gold rush, the population of Dawson alone was more than 40 000. Some $100 million worth of gold was discovered in the region between 1896 and 1904.

With the subsequent exhaustion of rich placer deposits, the population began to decline; by 1921 there were only 4157 persons in the territory. The population began to rise during World War II with the construction of a section of the Alaska Highway; in 1941 it was 4914. Further increase was stimulated in the 1950s by the setting up of distant early warning (DEW) line radar stations. Since 1960, with the resurgence of mining, the population has continued to grow, more rapidly than in the nation as a whole. Between 1971 and 1991 the rate of increase was 51.1 percent, nearly double the rate for Canada as a whole.

Klondike Gold Rush
Klondike Gold Rush


During the 1980s, the Yukon Territory government sought to diversify the economy, resolve Aboriginal land claims, and increase territorial autonomy. The Yukon experienced a severe recession in the early 1980s; by mid-decade, however, mining had revived, and tourism had become a major source of economic growth. In the late 1980s, the Council for Yukon Indians, representing Yukon Territory's 13 Aboriginal tribes, reached agreement with the territorial government on a land-claims settlement under which the Aboriginals would receive $240 million in compensation and about 41 400 sq km (about 16 000 sq mi) of land.


See also
Former Commissioners of Yukon Territory
Former Premiers of Yukon Territory
Provinces and Territories of Canada

External Links
Government of Yukon Territory
Travel Yukon
CALL: 1-800-661-0494


Copyright Craig I.W. Marlatt